Outline design reference
Medium-sized stadiums should adopt fully encircled stands, the stadium’s architectural shape should be oval, round or long octagonal, and single-sided sheds should not be made into odd shapes as far as possible. And small sports venues are appropriate to set up half of the bleachers, the building shape is rectangular or C-type, the podium all shed, bleachers partial or full shed. Appearance and strive to be simple and generous, reflecting the dynamic and lively style.
The overall height of the consideration
From the actual use and energy saving considerations, the stadium should not be too high, the building height should be controlled at about 24m, the main platform can be set up 2-4 floors. If it is a comprehensive stadium, it can make full use of the room under the stand as a fitness venue, athlete rest rooms or commercial rooms.
Consider the overall functional layout
Small- and medium-sized sports venues are mainly used for the usual national fitness activities, and the main venue should be suitable for this as far as possible, but not limited to this, should also consider the demand for games.
The size of the podium of the stadium is 0.5%-2% of the number of seats, among which the first row should consider placing a long chairman’s table, movable chairs with armrests and seats for speech, with the distance between rows not less than 2m.
Sports stadium stands resting overlooking angle should be controlled at 28 ° – 30 °, no need to set up blast ditch between the stands and the field.
Medium-sized sports venues should be equipped with 2 VIP lounges, each not less than 50 square meters, and small sports venues should be equipped with 1, not less than 40 square meters, VIP lounge should be equipped with an independent bathroom, to ensure that the VIP room to the podium should be convenient and fast.
The stands should be equipped with the necessary functional rooms such as athletes and referees’ lounge, medical first-aid room, competition office, news release room, competition record office, etc. All functional rooms should meet the requirements of the competition. All functional rooms should meet the requirements of the competition, and fully consider the comprehensive utilization of the general fitness.
Consider the lighting layout of the venue
Small stadiums can be designed according to 300lx for national fitness activities, 500lx for amateur competitions and professional training, and medium-sized stadiums can be designed according to 750-1000lx for professional competitions.
Lighting layout should take into account the needs of lighting maintenance, TV broadcasting, etc. The main stadium lighting layout should take two sides of the light with the layout or mixed layout.
Consider the design layout of sound reinforcement and sound absorption
Indoor sports stadiums shall be designed for special architectural acoustics, sound reinforcement design and noise control design to meet the necessary functions and requirements of the stadium when the spectator seats have sufficient sound levels.
Sound reinforcement equipment should have structural safety, convenient operation, easy maintenance, and other reliable performance, effectively reduce the sound interference outside the venue.
Sound reinforcement control room should be set up to observe the window, to ensure that the tuner work on the podium, referee seat, playing field and the audience have a good vision.
The choice of LED display reference
Neutral sports venues should be equipped with 1-2 pieces of LED electronic display on both ends of the wall in the main arena, small sports airways can be equipped with one. The size of the electronic screen should be determined according to the actual demand, generally not less than 10*7.5m.
Sports special equipment selection reference
Special equipment and equipment for stadiums, including basketball stands, volleyball and badminton equipment, bleachers seats, etc., should be used in the selection of equipment from professional manufacturers identified by the authority of a single competition to ensure the qualified use of products, safety and stability. At the same time, when constructing the foundation and surface layer of the main stadium, it is necessary to consider the burial and pre-setting of special equipment and equipment.
Consider the embedding of intelligent system
The intelligent system of sports stadium building includes five parts, such as equipment management system, information equipment system, special facility system, information application system, machine room engineering system, etc. In the application, it should be simple and easy to choose. Other intelligent systems that should be configured include: automatic fire alarm system, security guard monitoring system, comprehensive wiring system, cable television system, public broadcasting system, etc.
Clearly distinguish the entrance and flow direction of VIPs, spectators, athletes, fitness crowd, etc. to ensure that the flow of people will not cross.
As the main function of small and medium-sized sports venues is to meet the use of national fitness activities, it is not necessary to separate the flow of people and vehicles and organize the three-dimensional traffic. Some of the outdoor venues and fitness plazas around the stadiums can be used for parking during competitions.
If you’re interested in sports stadiums or the construction of sports arenas, check out more of our blog – Sports Arena