Ice and snow sports tourism architecture and landscape
- Architectural Design Features
Cultural ice and snow sports tourism architecture in the architectural landscape performance, the need to integrate with the characteristics of the various nationalities of the building, both to meet the needs of tourists, but also to express regional characteristics. It is based on the local geographic and cultural environment and other factors, reflecting the lifestyle and living patterns of local people.
Reflect the overall beauty of the regional characteristics of the building and people and the natural environment of mutual coordination and integration between each other.
- Case Study
(1). Daxinganling Cultural and Sports Centre
The main building includes the main gymnasium, swimming pool and training hall, and the cultural and sports center incorporates the needs of the public for leisure and fitness, exhibitions and cultural performances into the venue.
The form of the building is organically integrated with the landscape environment, making the building a part of the natural environment along the river.
The overall shape of the white curved form superimposed on each other symbolizes the Daxing’anling’s mountainous terrain, the modeling concept reflects the characteristics of the Daxing’anling forest area, “ice and snow mountains and forests” as the design theme, through the “form, color, meaning” three aspects to start. Glass curtain wall on the white tree shape set to strengthen the theme, but also enriched the building facade level.
The whole site forms a circular traffic line, the south combined with the topography of the mountain features, forming a streamlined road. The landscape design of the site echoes with the building form, with a streamlined approach throughout the site, linking the entire long and narrow site organically together.
(2). Richmond Speedskating Complex for the Vancouver Winter Olympics
As the competition venue of the 2010 Vancouver Winter Olympics, the architectural design fully respects the characteristics of local materials and adopts the technical innovation of traditional materials.
On the basis of this, the building chooses Phellodendron Bark, which has high density and superior pressure resistance, as the material for the external supporting columns. Fir, spruce and pine composite panels are used for the corrugated roof panels.
Through the modern technology of surface coating and chemical process in the design, the wood greatly improves the performance of fire, corrosion and insect resistance, which makes wood, an ancient material used by mankind for a long time, can be applied to the new large space building.
Ecological ice and snow sports tourism architecture and landscape
As a representative type of energy-intensive, large-space sports buildings, ice and snow sports buildings are prone to greater pressure on the environment. In the modern era where ecology is the core development issue, incorporating ecological elements into large sports stadiums has become a necessary trend.
- Design Features
(1) Architectural space: Pursuit of a complete spatial form
In order to reduce the energy consumption of the building, most spatial forms are simple. A complete spatial form can effectively reduce the impact of the outdoor thermal environment on the interior of the building, thus becoming the choice of most types of ice and snow sports buildings.
On the exterior treatment of building space, the skin of ice and snow sports buildings is mostly solid surface, the lighting part strictly control the proportion of windows and walls, the skin often adopts multi-layer composite structure, and make full use of hollow heat insulation and other technologies.
(2). Fewer skylights: different from general sports buildings
Ice and snow sports buildings rarely have skylights at the top of the building interface, and the building’s main lighting surface is also uniquely chosen to focus on the north.
This series of special design techniques to deal with the natural light environment has become the iconic image of ice and snow sports buildings.
(3). Natural light environment: temperature control and energy saving
The ice and snow sports complexes have strict temperature regulations. Local uneven natural light will make the ice and snow sports building site produce temperature changes, but the ice and snow sports building can not give up natural light this free condition.
Through the rational use of natural light refraction and reflection, in order to minimize artificial lighting, saving energy.
- Case Study
(1). Vancouver Olympic Winter Games Venue Vancouver Convention Centre Arena
A pioneer in environmental design and sustainable architecture, it has what is arguably the largest “eco-roof” in Canada.
The 2.4-hectare roof features more than 20 species of plants from the Northwest Territories, with a total of approximately 400,000 native plants and trees. In addition, the roof uses volcanic rock, topsoil and gravel approximately six inches deep for planting.
The building makes full use of the roof space as a green surface, while the building form is designed as a combination of multiple spatial levels of inclined surfaces, so that the green roof slopes down to the ground step by step, connecting with the urban green space, obtaining a very good spatial ecological effect.
This kind of landscape design powerfully draws the relationship between the building and the surrounding urban space environment, which greatly improves the spatial harmony of the site.
(2). Innsbruck Ski Lift Station, Austria
As a typical mountain building, its form consists of a huge concrete base that seems to float on the north and south walls and an arched glass structure above the base.
The spatial configuration of the building, from the piping fittings to the choice of other materials, takes into account the prevailing winds and weather conditions in the region, protecting it from wind, rain and snow. The architects have used glass, steel and concrete materials to create a comfortable and ecological feel.
The new foundation form allows for direct access to the station for transportation functions. The choice of materials is a reflection of sustainability and transparency.
Based on the local topographical conditions and the perennial snowy weather, the surrounding landscape was designed to maintain as much of its original landscape environment as possible, using the cable car to access the interior.
Recreational ice and snow sports tourism architecture and landscape
- Architectural Design Features
Nowadays, the function of the architectural landscape has presented a single to the development trend of diversification. The ice and snow sports architectural landscape is no longer the traditional sense of only for the sports function service, he also contains a variety of functions such as leisure, entertainment, health and so on.
Recreational ice and snow sports tourism architecture in the design should meet the safety needs of tourists, reasonable settings and functions, taking into account the sightseeing, leisure and vacation functions, design to follow the modern trend, to meet the aesthetics of tourists.
Building landscape design from the needs of tourists, combined with modern elements, to create a dynamic place to stimulate energy, experience pleasure, the pursuit of a higher enjoyment of life.
- Case Share
(1). Speed Skating Room in Pyeongchang, Korea
The building not only functions as a stadium, but also as a place for the public to play sports and exercise, providing recreational functions such as swimming and fitness.
In addition, the building is connected to the north side of Lake Gyeongpu through a footbridge and an underground passage, so that the building also has a sightseeing function. The idea of the building comes from the dynamic speed skating competition, where the graceful and smooth lines reflect the heroic posture of the skaters.
The outdoor landscape design is unified with the building in form, using green pavement combined with hard pavement to form a rhythmic line that energizes the whole site.
(2). Ski Jumping Platform in Hormicollen, Norway
The Hömmecollen Ski Jump is the largest and most advanced ski jump in the world, with a 65-metre-high jump on a slope and a giant slide that allows the public to see the spectacle up close and personal, and attracts countless skiers and snow jumpers every year.
At the top of the slope are luxury apartments where guests can enjoy the spectacular view of the slope and the Northern Lights in the night sky.
A stroll through Oslo’s scenic backdrop of mountains and sea, with a variety of sculptures everywhere you look, takes advantage of the ocean conditions to create a scenic bay.
If you’re interested in sports stadiums or the construction of sports arenas, check out more of our blog – Sports Arena